As an advanced social security system increases the quality of life of individuals, the average lifetime and population increase is determinant at the rate of increase. together with the value of social security reforms, Turkey has increased the proportion of individuals having health insurance. The proportions in question are also offered in Chart-2. According to the chart, the ratio of individuals with social security in recent years exceeded 80% in 2009. Chart-2: Rate of the population with health insurance 82% 80 78 74 74 70 68 66 76 74 72 70 68 66 76 74 70 68 66 76 74 70 68 66 76 74 70 68 66 74 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2006 2007 2009 The rate of health insurance% Source: DPT Economic and Social Indicators report. Another element showing the quality of life of the society is the expected life of rising that expresses the average life. Life expectancy at birth in Turkey Graphic-3 is also available. According to Chart-3, in Turkey, life expectancy at birth is over 70 years since 2005 and is increasing.
34 Graphics-3: Expected Life Time 73 72 71 70 69 EXPECTED LIFE OF RESULTS 68 67 66 2003 2009 2006 2006 2007 2009 2009 2010 Source: TURKSTAT, NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SELECTED ECONOMICAL indicators. Turkey’s growing population also show how the distribution of the country’s urban and rural economic and social structures in the format, is another basic element illustrating the process of social change. In addition, the urban and rural population has its own effects on the political, social and economic structure (Kongar, 2010: 550). Table 7 In recent years, Turkey’s population also shows the distribution between urban and rural areas. According to the table, a large part of the population is living in the il-district centers and the population in the urban population is increasing. In contrast, the share of the population residing in the village and the memory is reduced in the total population. The increase in the urban population leads to some economic and socially consequences. As the number of population settled in the city increases, this population is easier to access the types of services from health, education and financial services, while it is easy to give sufficient quality of housing and infrastructure services. In addition, the increasing city population of the labor force in the agricultural sector in the countryside, increasing the urban population increases the unemployment rate if necessary employment is not created.
35 Table-7: Residential Place Years Provincial / County Center Population Rate (%) Ratio (%) Rate / Village Population (%) Total (Bin) 2007 49748 70.5 20838 53612 71517 2009 54807 75.5 17754 24.5 72561 2010 56222 76.3 17501 23.7 73723 Source: ADNKS results. The other factor as the social environment, which is at least in the decision process of the households, is the economic structure of the household. The determinants of the household economic structure are generally summarized as the income, assets and debts of the household. 3.2. Household Economic Structure Household Economic Properties The most basic factor of the income structure, the distribution, the distribution of the household in the labor market, which is another source of the income, which is another source of the income, the expectations of household assets, obligations and the effective expectations of ecomonic decisions were tried to be revealed.